Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, normally develops when the plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line. This leads to inflammation of the gingiva, which if left untreated progress into a more destructive form of the disease leading to pus exudation, bone loss, tooth mobility and finally tooth loss.
Gums are most affected by the following gum diseases:
This is a mild form of gum disease that does not involve loss of any bone and tissue. In this condition, the patient’s gums will become red, swollen and can also bleed easily. This can be treated a great extent by removing the plaque and tartar arming the teeth by professional cleaning and good effective home care of proper brushing and flossing daily.
If a patient who has Gingivitis is not treated on time or properly, there are chances the patient can develop periodontitis. In this condition, the gums pull away from the teeth, forming spaces or pockets. The infection will then affect these pockets and damage the bone and the connective tissue holding the teeth, in turn, loosening the teeth.
In most cases of periodontitis, the periodontal bacteria found in the mouth are found to be the cause. They usually turn harmful when they get right conditions, like the presence of plaque.
Patients suffering from gum diseases display different symptoms like:
The treatment option for gum diseases depends on the extent of the disease. The periodontist normally recommends a Non-Surgical Treatment as a first step to treating the disease. The next level of surgical treatment is opted only if the symptoms are unbearable for the patient or the extent of the disease.
The dentists typically recommend surgery when the tissue around the teeth is not healthy or if they are inflamed, and also when deep pockets remain even after non-surgical treatment.
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