Advances in medicine and dentistry have led to new and expanded areas of treatment. The two areas of Bone grafting and guided bone regeneration (GBR) in the jawbones and around teeth are two that have recently experienced tremendous growth. Procedures to repair and grow new bone, which was not known before, are now a major step in the routine dental surgical care.
Bone grafts & GBR are needed when a portion of the bone is missing. This missing portion of bone is called a "bony defect".
The jawbone defects that are usually treated by this procedure are:
It is a surgical procedure that replaces the patient’s missing bone with a bone graft material. This not only replaces the missing bone but also helps the body in the re-growth of the lost bone.
This newly formed bone that was re-grown will help strengthen the area that was grafted by forming a bridge between the existing bone and the graft. The newly formed bone will start replacing much of the grafted material slowly after some time.
It is a technique in which a collagen membrane which is resorbable or non-resorbable titanium membrane is placed over the bone graft site. This membrane further encourages the new bone to grow and prevents the formation of scar tissue in the grafted site.
The following is an example of the procedures that are performed following a tooth extraction.
These procedures are usually done in the dental clinic under local anaesthesia or local anaesthesia with I.V. sedation or general anaesthesia. The patient usually feels no pain or a small pain during these procedures.
After the procedure, the patient might experience some swelling and mild to moderate discomfort. This is mainly from the other procedures that were performed, such as tooth extraction, cyst removal, etc.
Generally, the patient is provided a similar care that is required after any dental surgical procedure, following the Jawbone Grafting & GBR.
The latest technological advances have increased the success rates of these procedures, leading to bone formation and resolution of the defect. However, various other reasons are also responsible for the success rates of these procedures
Also, different graft & GBR materials affect the amount of new bone formed. And finally, the patient’s own overall health will also determine the rate of the new bone formed within the grafted site.
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