What are Functional Appliances?
These are appliances or devices that are used to correct a group of bite problems called ‘Class II’ malocclusion. These problems arise when the top teeth bite in front of the lower teeth. Functional appliances can either be fixed or removable.
Malocclusion can be corrected in the following 3 planes of spaces by both the fixed and removable functional appliances:
The Functional appliances have the following benefits:
Functional Appliances Types
The functional appliances are divided into 2 types:
Fixed Functional Appliances
Orthodontists usually handle the bonding of these appliances to the teeth. These appliances provide an accurate movement for the teeth. The Fixed Functional Appliances have the following categories:
Removable Functional Appliances
Removable functional appliances are usually more popular among patients. They are made from separate upper and lower parts. These when interlocked place the lower jaw in a more advanced position. These appliances need not be bonded on the teeth and can be removed by the patient. The components are usually connected by an acrylic component called the Baseplate. There are basically two types of components:
Majority of these appliances include components like Labial Bow and Adams Clasp, which are passive in nature.
These include the springs that provide the light force on the tooth to move it orthodontically. Screws and elastics are the other active components. A spring made of 0.5mm thick stainless wire is required to move one tooth, while, the thickness of the wires has to be either 0.6mm or 0.7mm to move more teeth or for a large multi-rooted tooth.
The orthodontist might use the following treatment principles:
The force that is applied on the tooth would be a compressive stress and strain. This can result in a primary alteration. This could be in form with a secondary functional adaptation.
Any abnormal and restrictive environmental influences on the dentition are eliminated using this principle leading to an optimum development. Skeletal and Dentoalveolar changes are produced by these components by acting on the following:
Teeth is something that makes our smile special. Oour dentist is someone who makes us smile with grace and confidence.Read More
Toothache can actually cause depression.. if you don’t happen to meet a good dentist. But if you have a great dentist, then tooth problems can be as simple as common cold.Read More
An Amazing pain free experience by a very professional and capable team. They good care of me and always checked on me to see if I was facing any issues.Read More
The doctor is very friendly…! The way I was treated in the clinic was something unexpected from a dentist. I would recommend visiting him whenever you face any problem.Read More
Professionalism, Hygienic & Compassionate makes Dr.Niranjan & Dr.Deepti the best dentist doctor couple.Read More