The gums are usually affected by gum diseases, which are usually inflammation of the gum line that can cause damage to the teeth’s connective tissue and the bone. This can lead to loss of teeth.
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, normally develops when the plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line.
Gums are most affected by the following gum diseases:
This is a mild form of gum disease that does not involve loss of any bone and tissue, which holds the teeth in place. In this condition, the patient’s gums will become red, swollen and can also bleed easily. This can be treated to a great extent by taking care of the gums and the teeth by proper brushing and flossing daily.
If a patient who has Gingivitis is not treated on time or properly, there are chances the patient can contract periodontitis. In this condition, the gums pull away from the teeth, forming spaces or pockets. The infection will then affect these pockets and damage the bone and the connective tissue holding the teeth, in turn, loosening the teeth.
In most cases of periodontitis, the periodontal bacteria found in the mouth are found to be the cause. They usually turn harmful when they get right conditions, like the presence of plaque.
Patients suffering from gum diseases display different symptoms like:
The treatment option for gum diseases depends on the extent of the disease. The periodontist normally recommends a Non-Surgical Treatment as a first step to treating the disease. The next level of treatment is opted if the symptoms do not subside for the patient or the extent of the disease is severe.
The periodontist will recommend the following non-surgical treatments:
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