The implantation of root-form endosseous dental implants requires the establishment of a proper alveolar ridge. There are many surgical pre-implant bone augmentation techniques that are used for reconstructing the alveolar width, height, or both.
This technique of ridge splitting along with bone expansion manipulates bone to form receptor site for the implant. This is done without removing any bone from the implant site. Maxillary bone can be moulded to the desired location by using series of instruments like chisels and Osteotome. This helps in improving the quality of bone all around the implant, at the crest and the apex.
The ridge-split procedure, among the alveolar ridge augmentation techniques, has many benefits. There is no need of a second (donor) surgical site, lesser risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury, and very less pain and swelling than others. Lateral bone augmentation through the ridge-split is the best in a localized lateral bony defect where there is a need of 1 or 2 implants and where the ridge is vertically intact.
The Ridge Split Technique is carried out keeping the following 3 characteristics in mind:
The Dental Ridge Split Procedure
The patient is administered preoperative antibiotics 1 hour before the procedure followed by a 1-week postoperative course of antibiotics as well as a chlorhexidine rinse for 3 days, before and 1 week after the procedure.
Preoperatively, the alveolar ridge is evaluated visually and by palpation. Palpating the ridge with 2 fingers sliding along the alveolar crest helps to develop a tactile sense of the ridge thinness and the presence of underlying bone cuts. Furthermore, a CBCT scan will give provide accurate details of the existing bone anatomy who h becomes a guide for the surgeon to proceed with the surgery.
The length of the implant and position of the inferior alveolar canal is usually used to determine the vertical dimension of the split. The length of the ridge to be expanded is practically unlimited and varies from a single tooth to a full arch.
Traditionally, the ridge-split technique consists of a single surgical stage in the maxilla and a two-stage approach in the mandible.
Ridge augmentation using autograft and block graft, and GBR using membrane have proved successful in highly resorbed ridges to achieve a result in horizontal and vertical dimension. More non-invasive technique of ridge splitting and expansion is carried out easily, without causing much trauma to the patient.
Teeth is something that makes our smile special. Oour dentist is someone who makes us smile with grace and confidence.Read More
Toothache can actually cause depression.. if you don’t happen to meet a good dentist. But if you have a great dentist, then tooth problems can be as simple as common cold.Read More
An Amazing pain free experience by a very professional and capable team. They good care of me and always checked on me to see if I was facing any issues.Read More
The doctor is very friendly…! The way I was treated in the clinic was something unexpected from a dentist. I would recommend visiting him whenever you face any problem.Read More
Professionalism, Hygienic & Compassionate makes Dr.Niranjan & Dr.Deepti the best dentist doctor couple.Read More