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Partial


What are Dentures?

These are dental devices that are used to replace missing teeth. These prosthetic devices use the surrounding hard and soft tissues within the oral cavity to support them.

What are Partial Dentures?

The dentist recommends partial dentures to the patient who might have lost many  teeth (not all) or to replace a single tooth or a few teeth. These removable partial denture can be used as an alternative to dental crowns or bridges.

Partial dentures comprise of a number of false teeth attached to a pink or gum-coloured base, which could be plastic, nylon or metal plate. Metal clasps are used to attach them to the patient’s natural teeth and is placed securely inside the mouth.

Partial Dentures, being removable, are easily unclipped and removed whenever necessary.

Denture Making Process

(For steps, refer complete dentures)
Partial dentures are made using nearly all the steps as complete dentures. Partial Denture manufacturing process and the fitting of a denture in a patient’s mouth might take a few weeks. It also requires the patient in keeping a couple of appointments with the dentist, before the final denture is fabricated and adjusted.
Initially, the impressions of the patient’s mouth are taken in order to make dentures that will fit the mouth of the patient perfectly. The dentist will then order a trial denture to be made by the manufacturer first. This will be tried in the patient’s mouth and the fit and appearance are examined closely.

Pros & Cons

Dentures, like any other prosthetic devices, do have its pros and cons.
Pros

  • Chewing ability is improved by replacing missed teeth.
  • Improved Aesthetics.
  • Improved Pronunciation.
  • More economical compared to implants and bridges.

Cons

  • Initial days of the denture placement, the following are experienced:
    • Excess salivation
    • Sore Spots
    • Minor irritation
    • Difficulty in speech
  • A feeling of gagging can also be experienced due to either the denture being too loose or too thick or being extended far onto the soft palate. In these cases, the dentist might recommend a denture supported by an implant, with no palate.
  • Accumulation of dental plaque can cause Gingivitis infection under the dentures.
  • Patient loses taste sensations.

Important Points To Consider
Care of Dentures

  • The patient will need to make regular care and maintenance of the dentures. This involves the removal of plaque and tartar that builds up daily.
  • The dentures need to be cleaned with chemical or mechanical denture cleaners daily.
  • The dentures need to be removed while sleeping.

Cost of Dentures

  • The denture cost usually depends on these factors:
  • Cost of dental procedures like teeth removal or oral surgery for bone refinement.
  • Required denture’s complexity
  • Materials used for this procedure can vary the price tag. Conventional plastic teeth are more economical than Polymer denture teeth.

Authored by DR.NIRANJAN P

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